Integrated Rural Development and Management (IRDM), Narendrapur, West Bengal and Integrated Rural & Tribal Development and Management (IRTDM), Ranchi, Jharkhand
Aim: In Swamiji’s own word, “Hence our object is to see that everyone down to ‘chandala’ be helped to attain the right to Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha” ie Material and spiritual prosperity of rural India in particular and rural world in general.
Developing the centre into a “Centre of Excellence for Integrated Rural Development” and a “Centre of Excellence for Sustainable/Organic agriculture and related extension programmes:
- Each Faculty Centre as a seat of learning for ‘Sustainable Farming System’ and ‘Integrated Rural Development’
- Integrated Development for all villages in the national and local perspectives.
- Each village a Centre of ‘Sustainable Integrated Farming System’ and ‘Self Reliance’
- Extensive Research on:
- Abiotic and Biotic stress like salinity, Arsenic problems, harmful fungus etc. considering the agro-ecological constraints surrounding the Faculty Centre
- Rural Administration, Social Problems, Natural Resource Management, Farming Systems and Rural Marketing
- The Government of India, Ministry of Agriculture, is actively considering the setting up of a Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) in our University’s Narendrapur (West Bengal) Campus. The vision is to develop this into a center of excellence with these wings (i) research, (ii) extension and (iii) teaching
B. Goal and work plan for Teaching, Research and Extension:
- To educate about 20 students per year up to postgraduate level in ‘Integrated Rural Development and Management’/ ‘Integrated Rural &Tribal Development and Management’ who will act as master trainers, organizers, catalysts and policy makers of NGOs, Rural Development department/institutions of state and central government to train the grass root level workers/volunteers, create awareness at all levels, formulate plans and establish linkages at the respective levels for holistic development of all villages. These trained youth workers will be the knowledge provider and change agents for integrated development of the respective villages.
- To offer (a) two year MSc in Agricultural Biotechnology and (b) one year PG diploma in Agro-based Biotechnology(ABBT) for each batch of about 20 students in a year.
Students of MSc in Agri-biotechnolgy will provide the research support through upgradation, standarisation and finding/developing suitable technologies and resources for sustainable farming systems with definite emphasis on medicinal plants and Ayurvedic system of medicine. They may serve in research and development (RD) wings of different institutions/industries of related fields.
The students of PG diploma will act as skilled technicians/trainer or extension worker in different bio-chemical industries, enterprises or NGOs. Some of them are expected to start enterprises of their own also.
Research works in related areas leading to PhD may also be initiated in all PG courses in due time.
- To offer other need based Post Graduate courses in future.
- To offer a number of need- based short term courses of different durations to produce required number of skilled persons to meet the demand in the respective fields e g One- year Certificate course on Integrated Farming System, Rural Biotechnology, Watershed Management, Integrated Rural Development, and Six- month Certificate course on Integrated Fish Farming, Mushroom and Spawn Production, Organic Farming, Soil Health Management etc.
- To undertake research work to identify the related socio-economic, agro-ecological and technological problems and also to develop means and support system, in order to solve the problems and to achieve the desired goal of integrated rural development.
- To provide research support to identify and develop suitable locations specific packages of preferred practices and crops for profitable and sustainable farming systems of different farm size.
- Swami Vivekananda was having an idea ‘that each village of India should have a centre, one man of education, to recreate the village…’ According to him, “our mission is for the destitute, the poor, and the illiterate peasantry and labouring classes, and if, after everything has been done for the first, there is spare time, then only for the gentry.” (VI.427) – Letters
So, Swamiji advised “Organize and found societies and go to work that is the only way.” (V.37-8) – Letters
To translate his ideas into action, at least five selected villages will be developed as models for ‘Integrated Rural Development’ in socio-economic- cultural-moral and spiritual levels in each of Jharkhand and West Bengal through capacity building of all stakeholders. This model of development will guide, motivate, inspire and create awareness to all stakeholders associated with holistic development of rural areas.
All these works will be done by the villagers themselves through their village based organizations. Faculty members and students of the University will guide and help them to organize themselves for their holistic development.
- To develop five villages as Centres of ‘Sustainable Integrated Farming System’ in each of Jharkhand and West Bengal along with establishment of a model ‘Integrated Organic Farm’ in each of IRDM, Narendrapur and IRTDM, Ranchi Faculty Centre of the University to disseminate the developed /upgraded and standarised package of technologies among all stakeholders including villagers to increase the productivity, profitability, input use efficiency, equity and quality of the produces. These model centres will serve as bench marks for these states and cater to the needs of other states of the country.
Note: At least one village dominated by tribal and vulnerable sections of community will be selected for model integrated development as well as sustainable farming system.
- To analyse situation through collection of holistic information regarding natural resources, demography, infrastructure, health, education, condition of women and children, local organizations etc. through Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA), questionnaire survey etc.
- To prepare road map for integrated development of the selected villages by the students, faculty members and village level youth workers.
- To establish community based organizations and form a number of self-help groups (or making use of existing ones) in each of the selected villages for self-propelling Integrated Development.
- To develop villages as Knowledge Centres of ‘Sustainable Integrated Farming System’ in close collaboration with the Panchayats, Krishi Vigyan Kendra(KVK), State Agricultural University(SAU), Government and other Non-government organizations to demonstrate and disseminate the effects of technologies to increase productivity, profitability, sustainability, equity and quality of produce for improved standard of living with reduced effects of risk factors.
- To develop model ‘Integrated Organic Farms’ at the University Faculty Centres in collaboration with the respective departments of state government / central government/State Agricultural University (SAU) to demonstrate and disseminate the sustainable farming technologies and promote easy certification processes and market linkages so that farmers may get remunerative price for the ‘organic produces’.
- To disseminate concepts, approaches and technologies among villagers and different stakeholders through on-farm trials, demonstrations, trainings, visits of farmers and experts, interactive sessions, seminars, workshops, meetings, kishan melas, publication of research papers, popular articles, farm publications, mass media, documenting success stories etc.
- Like the models in farming system approaches, these villages could be replicated as models for Integrated Rural Development. Apart from efficient natural resource management, the villages would be pioneers in areas of basic education, health facilities, women and child development- especially the vulnerable section of the community, and would achieve well in all aspects of sustained rural development with judicious use of internal resource and external support (Govt. schemes etc.). All activities will be accomplished in close collaboration with the respective departments of Government, different autonomous bodies like Central Social Welfare Board (CSWB), NGOs of related fields etc.
- To form federations of self-help Group(SHG)/co-operatives in at least five villages for efficient marketing of farm produces, like purchase of inputs at wholesale price and selling of outputs from farms or rural industries at a remunerative price.
- Relevant study and development of technology will be done by the students and faculty members as a part of academic programme through dissertation, project work and problem related assignments. Later on PhD works also will be initiated on related fields. This will be an integral and continuous process. Necessary laboratory, library, infrastructural facilities will be developed for this.
- Agricultural Training Centre and Lokashiksha Parishad, the two units of Ramakrishna Mishion Ashrama, Narendrapur and Divyayan Krishi Vigyan Kendra, one unit of Ramakrishna Mishion Ashrama, Morabadi, Ranchi have been engaged in the field of rural development for a few decades. All the activities of the University will be planned and executed in close association with these established and well reputed units of the Mission to get the benefit of their rich ideas, vast experience, experienced resource persons, well developed infrastructure and network.
- Models developed by the University for ‘Integrating Organic Farming’ in the University farms, ‘Sustainable Integrated Farming System’ and ‘Integrated Rural Development’ in the selected villages will be the Centres of Excellence for learning, guidance and inspiration in the respective fields like watershed project in Rallegaon Siddhi of Maharastra, Amul Milk Co-operative model developed in Gujrat, SEWA (Self Employed Women Association), Ahmedabad of Ela Bhat for women’s’ empowerment and self-help group etc.
- Thus the University will help the policy makers and all stakeholders of the respective fields to prepare work plan and road maps to replicate the model in real field situations.
- The University will achieve the desired goal and vision by synchronizing its teaching, research, extension and administration.